Based on a photograph of New York City, view from Empire State Building, to Chrysler Bldg. and Queensboro Bridge, 1932, part of the Gottscho-Schleisner Collection, Library of Congress.
New York City traces its roots to its 1624 founding as a trading post by colonists of the Dutch Republic and was named New Amsterdam in 1626. The city and its surroundings came under English control in 1664. New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790. It has been the country’s largest city since 1790.